Earth Protection

“Environmental” has become trite, and does not convey the profound, urgent, and necessary changes in the way our species perceives and relates to our fellow species on, and to the physical processes of, our Earth. We are especially interested in accelerating humanity’s transition to a sustainable, equitable, benign, global energy system based entirely upon renewable (driven by radiant energy from our local star, the Sun) energy sources. Our earliest, most rewarding, investments in this direction will be energy conservation and efficiency. We also wish to help people plan their family size, so that fewer of our grandchildren will be competing with each other, and with other species for resources. We assist science education, so that we will better understand who and what and where we humans are, and to better understand Earth and our options for cooperation within its context and limits. Thus, we intend to invest wisely in Earth Protection, with both Foundation funds and with our personal involvement.

 

Conference Videos                     

 Windpower 2015
Orlando, FL  18-21 May 2015
Session 8B:  The “Mostly Wind” Grid–Implications for Reliability, Markets, and Storage
Alternatives to Electricity for Transmission, Firming Storage, and Integration of GW-scale Wind and Solar via Hydrogen and Ammonia Pipelines
  https://vimeo.com/128484940       20 minutes

Juneau World Affairs Council
Juneau, AK, 12 May 2015
Arresting Climate Change: Transforming the World’s Largest Industry
  https://vimeo.com/127890670          50 minutes

Ammonia Fuel Association, Eleventh Annual Meeting
Des Moines, Iowa, 21-24 September 2014
NH3 from Renewable-source Electricity, Water, and Air: Technology Options and Economics Modeling
https://vimeo.com/148190671                            27 minutes

ASME-IMECE – American Society of Mechanical Engineers, International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
Houston, TX, 9–15 November 2012
Running the World on Renewables: Alternatives for Transmission and Low-cost Firming Storage of Stranded Renewables as Hydrogen and Ammonia Fuels via Underground Pipelines
https://vimeo.com/148049904                            
22 minutes

National Hydrogen Association (NHA) annual conference
Long Beach, CA, 4-6 May 2010
Begin Now: Design and Build a Renewables-Source Hydrogen Transmission Pipeline Pilot Plant
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fND9S7Llvqk&list=UU_fKB5GeOPhfrEaNhjwZgvQ

Stanford Reunion Class of ’65 Panel
Stanford, CA, 22 October 2010
Risks and Responses to Global Climate Change
Video: Class of ’65: Risks and Responses to Global Climate Change. Use the timeline scroll bar to 18:49 min for Bill Leighty’s 15 min intro presentation.
80-minute video on DVD available from Bill Leighty, by request, at no cost.

2016 Conference Materials

 Windpower 2016
New Orleans, LA  22-26 May 2016
Poster A:  Bigger Market than Electricity Grid?  Wind-source Hydrogen Fuel for California Transportation and Combined Heat and Power (CHP)
Poster B:  Converting a 13-turbine California Windplant to Hydrogen Fuel Production Without Electricity Grid Connection:  R & D and Demonstration

2015 Conference Materials

 Windpower 2015
Orlando, FL  18-21 May 2015
Session 8B:  The “Mostly Wind” Grid–Implications for Reliability, Markets, and Storage
Alternatives to Electricity for Transmission, Firming Storage, and Integration of GW-scale Wind and Solar via Hydrogen and Ammonia Pipelines
Video:   https://vimeo.com/128484940       20 minutes
Presentation:  PDF         11.2MB

Juneau World Affairs Council
Juneau, AK, 12 May 2015
Arresting Climate Change: Transforming the World’s Largest Industry
Video:  https://vimeo.com/127890670          50 minutes
Presentation PDF    30.1 MB

Article, in press, Windtech-International, http://www.windtech-international.com/
Alternatives to Electricity for Transmission, Storage, and Integration:  Renewables-source Hydrogen and Ammonia Fuels via Underground Pipelines, with Storage for < $1.00 kWh Capex
Article PDF  695 KB

2014 Conference Materials

Fuel Cell Seminar and Energy Exposition Featuring Hydrogen Fuel
Los Angeles, 10-13 November 2014
Alternatives to Electricity for Transmission, Storage, and Integration of Stranded Renewables: Hydrogen and Ammonia for Transportation and CHP Fuel
Presentation PDF  16 MB

Ammonia Fuel Association, Eleventh Annual Meeting
Des Moines, Iowa, 21-24 September 2014
NH3 from Renewable-source Electricity, Water, and Air: Technology Options and Economics Modeling
Presentation PDF  6 MB

Joint Conference on Artificial Photosynthesis
The Royal Society, Chicheley Hall, Milton Keynes, UK, 8-10 July 2014
“Do we need a global artificial photosynthesis project (GAP), for solar fuels and chemicals?”
What Shall We Do with All that Photohydrogen?
Presentation PDF  5.5 MB           

ASME Energy Sustainability and Fuel Cell Science
Boston, 30 June – 2 July 2014
Running the World on Renewables: Emulating the Natural Gas Industry For Gathering and Transmission,
Annual-scale Storage, Distribution and End-use, Using Hydrogen and Ammonia Fuels
Presentation PDF  16 MB

TechConnect World 2014, Innovation Conference & Expo
Washington, DC, 15-19 June 2014
Low-cost Transmission, Storage, and Integration for Renewable-source Energy: Hydrogen and Ammonia C-free Fuel Systems with Underground Pipelines, Salt Caverns, and Liquid Ammonia Tanks
2014 TechConnect-14-DC-June 15-19 Abstract

REvision2014: Global Energy Turnarounds and Japan’s Path World Smart Energy Week,
Tokyo, 26-28 February 2014
Memo to Delegates:  Running the World on Renewables: Alternatives to Electricity for Gathering and Transmission, Annual-scale Firming Storage, and Integration of Diverse, Stranded, Renewable Energy (RE) Resources
MEMO to Delegates Tokyo-JREF-WSEW Feb 23, 2014

EUEC – Electric Utility Environmental Conference
Phoenix, AZ,  3-5 February 2014
The Alaska Renewable-Source Ammonia Fuel Pilot Plant: Village Energy  Independence, Firming Storage, and Renewables Export
Memo to NREL Colleagues PDF 130 KB

2013 Conference Materials

PowerGen International, RE World
Orlando, FL,  12-14 November 2013
Panel, Microgrids Off-grid and On:   The Alaska Renewable-Source Ammonia Fuel Pilot Plant: Village Energy  Independence, Firming Storage, and Renewables Export
Best Paper Award, Utility Integration / Smart Grid track
Paper PDF 663 KB
Presentation PDF 7.1 MB
Memo to delegates PDF  37 KB

Santa Clara University, Engineering Department Energy Club
Santa Clara, CA,  22 October 2013
Running the World on Renewables: Energy Sustainability with God on our side?
Presentation PDF 25.9 MB

22nd World Energy Congress
Daegu, Korea, 13-17 October 2013. World Energy Council
Expert Forum Paper 689, 14 October:  Renewable Energy Bulk Storage for less than $1.00 / kWh Capital Cost as Gaseous Hydrogen (GH2) and Liquid Anhydrous Ammonia (NH3) Carbon-free Fuels, with Transmission via Underground Pipelines
Paper PDF 404 KB
Presentation PDF 7.4 MB
Memo to fellow delegates PDF 37 KB

AAAS Arctic Science Conference
Kodiak, Alaska, 26-28 September 2013
Presentation: “Protecting the Arctic by Running the World on Renewables: Alternatives for Transmission and Low-cost Firming Storage of Stranded Renewables as Hydrogen and Ammonia Fuels”
Presentation PDF 15.7 MB

ASME Power Conference
Boston, MA, 29 July – 1 August 2013
Paper: POWER2013-98294  Renewable Energy Bulk Storage for < $1.00 / kWh Capital Cost as Gaseous Hydrogen (GH2) and Liquid Anhydrous Ammonia (NH3) C-free Fuels
Paper PDF 790 KB
Presentation PDF 7.4 MB
Paper: POWER2013-98290  Alaska’s Renewable-source Fuel Energy Storage Pilot Plant: Toward Community Energy Independence via Solid State Ammonia Synthesis (SSAS)
Paper PDF 686 KB
Presentation PDF 8.2 MB

IEEE-PES-GM (Power and Energy Society General Meeting)
Vancouver, BC, Canada, 22-26 July 2013
Panel: Energy and Water:  Essential, Interdependent Commodities and Strategies
Composite of five panelists’ presentations PDF 14.2 MB
DVD video of live panel presentations available via USPS mail by request to Bill at wleighty@nullearthlink.net.

Hydrogen + Fuel Cells 2013
Vancouver, BC, Canada, 16-19 June 2013 Canadian Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Association
Presentation:  Running the World on Renewables: Alternatives to Electricity for Transmission and Low-cost Firming Storage of
Stranded Renewables as Hydrogen and Ammonia Fuels via Underground Pipelines
Presentation PDF  10.6 MB
DVD video of live panel presentations available via USPS mail by request to Bill: wleighty@nullearthlink.net
Presentation:  Alaska’s Solid State Ammonia Synthesis Pilot Plant (SSAS-PP) Demonstration System for Renewable Energy (RE)
Firming Storage, Transmission, and Export
Presentation PDF  7.8 MB
DVD video of live panel presentations available via USPS mail by request to Bill: wleighty@nullearthlink.net

2012 Conference Materials

World Renewable Energy Forum
Denver, CO, 13 – 17 May 2012
Panel Forum 0835, Session 20659, 14 May, Energy Generation, Distribution, & Transportation Running the World on Renewables: Alternatives to Electricity for Transmission, Firming Storage, and Supply Integration of Large-scale, Stranded, Renewable Energy
Presentation PDF (composite of six panelists), 5.6 MB

19th World Hydrogen Energy Conference
Toronto, Canada, 3 – 8 June 2012
Alternatives to Electricity for Transmission, Firming Storage, and Supply Integration for Diverse, Stranded, Renewable Energy Resources: Gaseous Hydrogen and Anhydrous Ammonia Fuels via Underground Pipelines
Paper PDF 1.5 MB
Presentation PDF 11 MB

NH3 Fuel Association Annual Meeting
San Antonio, TX, 30 September – 3 October 2012
Comparing Fuels For Energy Transmission, Storage, and Integration
Presentation PDF 4.4 MB

Low Carbon Earth Summit and New Energy Forum
Guangzhou, China, 19-21 October 2012
Running the World on Renewables: Alternatives to Electricity for Transmission, Firming Storage, and Supply Integration of Diverse, Stranded Renewables at GW Scale
Presentation PDF 9.8 MB
Solving Renewable Energy’s Transmission, Firming Storage, and Supply Integration Problems: Alternatives to Electricity for Diverse, Stranded, Renewables at GW Scale
Presentation PDF 11 MB

ASME-IMECE – American Society of Mechanical Engineers,
International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
Houston, TX, 9 – 15 November 2012
Running the World on Renewables: Alternatives for Transmission and Low-cost Firming Storage of Stranded Renewables as Hydrogen and Ammonia Fuels via Underground Pipelines
Paper PDF 1 MB
Presentation PDF 12 MB

2011 Conference Materials

Low Carbon Earth Summit 2011
Dalian, PR China, 19-26 October 11
Low-cost, Large-scale, Firming Storage for Stranded Renewables in Hydrogen Transmission Pipelines and Solution-mined Salt Caverns
Alternatives to Electricity for Transmission and Low-cost Firming Storage of Stranded Renewable Energy as Pipelined Hydrogen and Ammonia Fuels
Presentation PPT 33 MB

International Gas Union Research Conference 2011
Seoul, Korea, 19-21 October 11
Alternatives to Electricity for Transmission and Low-cost Firming Storage of Large-scale, Stranded, Renewable Energy as Pipelined Hydrogen and Ammonia Carbon-free Fuels
Paper PDF, A4 page format, 1.5 MB
Paper PDF, letter page format, 1.5 MB
Poster PDF 10 MB

ASME Power 2011 (American Society of Mechanical Engineers)
Denver, CO, 12-14 July 11
Beyond Smart Grid: Alternatives for Transmission and Low-cost Firming Storage of Stranded Renewables as Hydrogen and Ammonia Fuels via Underground Pipelines
Paper PDF 790 KB
Presentation PDF 10.8 MB

2010 Conference Materials

Stanford Reunion Class of ’65 Panel
Stanford, CA, 22 Oct 10
Risks and Responses to Global Climate Change
Video: Class of ’65: Risks and Responses to Global Climate Change. Use the timeline scroll bar to 23:30 min for Bill Leighty’s 15 min intro presentation.
80-minute video on DVD available from Bill Leighty, by request, at no cost.
Presentation PDF 4.5 MB

Seventh Annual Ammonia Fuel Conference, NH3 Fuel Association
Detroit, MI, 27 September 10
Making Ammonia Fuel From Alaska’s Abundant Stranded Renewable Energy
Presentation PDF 5.2 MB

IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting
Minneapolis, MN, 25-29 July 10
Alternatives to Electricity for GW-scale Transmission and Firming Storage for Diverse, Stranded Renewables: Hydrogen and Ammonia
Paper PDF 769 KB

ASME Power (American Society of Mechanical Engineers)
Chicago, IL, 14 July 10
Alternatives to Electricity for Transmission and Annual-scale Firming Storage for Diverse Renewable Energy Resources: Hydrogen and Ammonia Fuels
Presentation PDF 7.9 MB

Business of Clean Energy in Alaska, REAP (Renewable Energy Alaska Project)
Anchorage, AK, 18 June 10
Making Ammonia Fuel From Alaska’s Vast Stranded Renewable Energy Resources
Presentation PDF 4.0 MB

National Hydrogen Association (NHA) annual conference
Long Beach, CA, 4-6 May 10
Begin Now: Design and Build a Renewables-Source Hydrogen Transmission Pipeline Pilot Plant
Presentation PDF 4.9 MB

International Colloquium on Environmentally Preferred Advanced Generation, ICEPAG 2010, ASME
Costa Mesa, CA, 9-11 Feb 10
Transmission and Annual-scale Firming Storage Alternatives to Electricity: Gaseous Hydrogen and Anhydrous Ammonia via Underground Pipeline
Paper PDF 1.2 MB
Presentation PDF 8.7 MB

EUEC 2010
Phoenix, AZ, 2 February 10
Transmission and Annual-scale Firming Storage Alternatives to Electricity: Gaseous Hydrogen and Anhydrous Ammonia via Underground Pipeline
Presentation PDF 4.5 MB

2009 Conference Materials

Wartburg College, Corporation Day Keynote
Waverly, IA, 6 Oct 09
Running the World on Renewables: Energy Sustainability with God on Our Side?
56 min video plus PowerPoint presentation and related files are available on DVD. Contact Bill Leighty to request one mailed, free.
Presentation PDF 11 MB

IRENEW Energy Expo (Iowa Renewable Energy Association)
Norway, IA, 12-13 Sep 09
Running Iowa, and the World, on Firm Renewables via GW-scale Transmission and Storage
Presentation PDF 12.5 MB

Clean Tech
Houston, TX, 4-6 May 09
Running the World on Renewables via Hydrogen Pipelines with Firming Geologic Storage
Abstract PDF 341 KB

National Hydrogen Association (NHA) annual meeting
Columbia, SC, 30 Mar – 3 Apr 09
Alaska Village Survival: Affordable Energy Independence via Renewables Firmed as Hydrogen Storage in Liquid Anhydrous Ammonia
Paper PDF 345 KB

2008 Conference Materials

Wind Engineering, Volume 32, Number 1, 2008
Copyright © 2008 Multi-Science Publishing Company, UK
Transmission and Firming of GW-Scale Wind Energy via Hydrogen and Ammonia
John Holbrook, AmmPower LLC and Bill Leighty, The Leighty Foundation
Paper PDF 2.3 MB

Ammonia: The Key to US Energy Independence
Minneapolis, MN, 29-30 September 08
Energy Storage with Anhydrous Ammonia: Comparison with other Energy Storage
Presentation PDF 3 MB

IRENEW (Iowa Renewable Energy Association) Energy Expo 08
Cedar Falls, IA, 14 September 08, University of Northern Iowa, CEEE
Presentation PDF 16 MB

Third Chena Renewable Energy Fair
Chena Hot Springs, AK, 23 August 08
Running Alaska and the World on Renewables via Hydrogen and Ammonia Pipelines and Fuels
Presentation PDF 11 MB

Renewable Energy Alaska Project (REAP) Energy Fair
Anchorage, AK, 9 August 08, Park Strip
Running Alaska and the World on Renewables via Hydrogen and Ammonia Pipelines and Fuels
Presentation PDF 11 MB

ASME Power 2008
Orlando, FL, 22-24 July 08, Disney’s Contemporary Resort
Running the World on Renewables: Hydrogen Transmission Pipelines with Firming Geologic Storage, ASME POWER2008-60031
Paper PDF 440 KB
Presentation PDF 8 MB

Fuel Cell 2008
Long Beach, CA, 21-22 May 08
Running the World on Renewables via Hydrogen Transmission Pipelines with Firming Geologic Storage
Presentation PDF 4 MB

Electricity Storage Association annual meeting
Anaheim, CA, 21 May 08
Running the World on Renewables via Gaseous Hydrogen Pipeline Transmission and Firming Geologic Storage
Presentation PDF 6 MB

IJER (International Journal of Energy Research), Volume 32 Issue 5 (April 2008)
Special issue on Renewables and Hydrogen Energy
Technologies for Sustainable Development Issue Edited by Bent Sørensen. Copyright © 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Running the world on renewables: Hydrogen transmission pipelines and firming geologic storage
Paper PDF 470 KB

National Hydrogen Association annual meeting
Sacramento, CA, 30 March – 4 April, 2008
Two Farm Bill Research Initiatives Promise New Markets, Transmission, and Firming Storage for Diverse, Large-scale, Stranded Renewables as Hydrogen and Ammonia
Paper PDF 345 KB
Poster PDF 1.2 MB
‘07 Farm Bill: Hydrogen from Large, Stranded, Renewable Resources
Poster PDF 1.2 MB

WIREC 08 (Washington International Renewable Energy Conference 08)
Official Side Event (OSE) #92
Washington, DC, 4-6 March 08, Washington Convention Center
GW-scale Transmission and Annual-scale Firming Storage Alternatives for Diverse, Stranded, Renewables: Electricity, Hydrogen, Ammonia, and Others
Speakers: Bill Leighty, The Leighty Foundation; John Moore, Environmental Law and Policy Center; Tom Key, EPRI; Jerome Hinkle, National Hydrogen Association; Jim Blencoe, Hydrogen Discoveries, Inc.; Jason Ganley, Howard University
Presentation PDF 7 MB

2007 Conference Materials

Ammonia Fuel Network—Ammonia: a Sustainable, Emission-free Fuel
San Francisco, 15-16 October 07, Iowa State University
Fertilizer to Fuel: the ‘07 US Farm Bill
Presentation PDF of a PowerPoint 2.9 MB
Video of this presentation, with live PowerPoint slides, is available on DVD by request to Bill Leighty, Director.

Solar 2007
Cleveland, OH, USA, 7 – 12 July 07
Running the World on Renewables via Hydrogen Transmission Pipelines and Firming Geologic Storage
Paper PDF 90 KB

Windpower 07
Los Angeles, 4 June 07, American Wind Energy Association (AWEA)
Transmission and Firming of GW-Scale Wind Energy by Ammonia Pipelines and Tanks
John Holbrook, AmmPower LLC and Bill Leighty, The Leighty Foundation
Paper PDF

Solution Mining Research Institute (SMRI) Spring Technical Meeting
Basel, CH, 30 Apr – 1 May 07
Running the World on Renewables: Hydrogen Transmission Pipelines with Firming Geologic Storage
Paper PDF 516 KB

2006 Conference Materials

Ammonia: The Key to U.S. Energy Independence
Denver, CO, October 9-10, 06, Iowa State University
Costs of Delivered Energy from Large-scale, Diverse, Stranded, Renewable Resources, Transmitted and Firmed as Electricity, Gaseous Hydrogen, and Ammonia
Presentation PDF 7.1 MB
Program PDF 106 KB
Audio MP3 4.8 MB
Video of this presentation, with live PowerPoint slides, is available on DVD by request to Bill Leighty, Director.

Renewables to Hydrogen Forum
Albuquerque, NM, October 4-6, 06, National Hydrogen Association, Renewable Hydrogen Working Group
Wind – source Hydrogen: Transmission and Firming via Pipeline and Geologic Storage
Presentation PDF 5.2 MB
Audio MP3 1.7 MB

2006 International Pipeline Conference
Calgary, AB, Canada, September 25-29, 06, American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
Hydrogen Pipeline Transmission: Updates and Opportunities, second panel forum
Presentation PDF 9.1 MB
Presentation PDF 800 KB

Hydrogen Production and Storage
Vancouver, BC, September 11-13, 06, Intertech-Pira
Hydrogen Pipeline Systems for Diverse, Large-scale, Stranded Renewables
Presentation PDF 17.7 MB
Audio MP3 4.2 MB
Video of this presentation, with live PowerPoint slides, is available on DVD by request to Bill Leighty, Director.

Energy Seminar
Waterloo, IA, September 11, 06, The Leighty Foundation
Energy Seminar
Presentation PDF 11.9 MB
Audio MP3 9 MB
Video of this presentation, with live PowerPoint slides, is available on DVD by request to Bill Leighty, Director.

HydroVision 2006: The Hydrogen Economy 2006
Portland, OR, July 30 – August 1, 06, HCI Publications, Bonneville Power Administration, Northwest Hydrogen Alliance
Worldwide Hydrogen Demonstration Projects
Presentation PDF 6.2 MB
Program PDF 68 KB

NREL seminar: Renewables and Hydrogen Pipeline Transmission and Storage
National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO, June 26, 06
Audio MP3 16.8 MB

16th World Hydrogen Energy Conference
Lyon, FR, June 13-16, 06, International Association for Hydrogen Energy
Compressorless Hydrogen Transmission Pipelines Deliver Large-scale Stranded Renewable Energy at Competitive Cost
Paper PDF 2.3 MB
Poster PDF 1 MB
Proposal for a Northeast Asian Hydrogen Highway: From a Natural-gas-based to a Hydrogen-based Society
Paper PDF 2.2 MB

23rd World Gas Conference
Amsterdam, NL, June 5-9, 06, International Gas Union
Compressorless Hydrogen Transmission Pipelines Deliver Large-scale Stranded Renewable Energy at Competitive Cost
Paper PDF 2.6 MB
Poster PDF 1 MB
Presentation PDF 7.1 MB
From a Natural-gas-based to a Hydrogen-based Society: Proposal for a Northeast Asian Hydrogen Highway
Paper PDF 2.2 MB
Poster PDF 710 KB
Presentation PDF 10.1 MB

Windpower 06
Pittsburgh, June 5-7, 06, American Wind Energy Association
International Renewable Hydrogen Transmission Demonstration Facility (IRHTDF) for Diverse, Large-scale, Stranded Renewables
Paper PDF 1.4 MB
Poster PDF 560 KB
Proposed Northeast Asian Hydrogen Highway: From a Natural-gas-based to a Hydrogen-based Society
Paper PDF 3.4 MB
Poster PDF 440 KB
Compressorless Hydrogen Transmission Pipelines Deliver Large-scale Stranded Renewable Energy at Competitive Cost
Poster PDF 740 KB

Power-Gen Renewable Energy & Fuels
Las Vegas, NV, April 10-12, 06, PenWell
Compressorless Hydrogen Transmission Pipelines Deliver Large-scale Stranded Renewable Energy at Competitive Cost
Paper PDF 1 MB

Hydrogen Initiative Symposium
The Energy Center, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, April 5-6, 06
Large Stranded Renewables: the International Renewable Hydrogen Transmission Demonstration Facility (IRHTDF)
Presentation PDF 14 MB
Video of this presentation, with live PowerPoint slides, is available on DVD by request to Bill Leighty, Director.

2005 Conference Materials

Ninth Northeast Asian Natural Gas Pipeline Forum
Seoul, Korea, September 2005
Proposal for a Northeast Asian Hydrogen Highway: From a Natural-gas-based to a Hydrogen-based Society
Paper PDF 3 MB

2005 Solar World Congress
Orlando, FL, August 2005
A 1,000 MW Windplant Delivering Hydrogen Fuel from the Great Plains to a Distant Urban Market
Paper PDF 300k

Windpower 2005
Denver, CO, May 2005
A 1,000 MW Windplant Delivering Hydrogen Fuel from the Great Plains to a Distant Urban Market by Pipeline
Paper PDF 796k
Poster PDF 368k

2004 Conference Materials

Materials Solutions, American Society of Materials (ASM)
Columbus, OH, October 2004
International Renewable Hydrogen Transmission Demonstration Facility
Presentation – Complete PDF 11 MB
Presentation – Condensed PDF 6 MB
Audio MP3 2.5 MB

19th World Energy Congress
Sydney, Australia, September 2004
Large Stranded Renewables: The International Renewable Hydrogen Transmission Demonstration Facility
Paper PDF 514k
Poster PDF 689k

15th World Hydrogen Energy Conference
Yokohama, Japan, June 2004
International Renewable Hydrogen Transmission Demonstration Facility
Paper PDF 300k

Energy Out West: A Holistic Approach
Sacramento, CA, April 2004
What Hydrogen Economy?
Presentation PDF 21 MB

2003 Conference Materials

22nd World Gas Conference 2003
Tokyo, Japan, June 2003
Large Renewables – Hydrogen Energy Systems: Gathering and Transmission Pipelines for Windpower and Other Diffuse, Dispersed Sources
Paper PDF 345k
PowerPoint PDF 5.2 MB
Audio MP3 7.3 MB

Windpower 2003
Austin, TX, May 2003
The Conversion Project and The International Renewable Hydrogen Transmission Demonstration Facility
Paper PDF 384k
Presentation PDF 6 MB
Audio MP3 7.8 MB

2001 Conference Materials

The International Conference on Hydrogen Age of Asia
Tokyo, Japan, November 2001
Transmitting 4,000 MW of New Windpower from North Dakota to Chicago: New HVDC Electric Lines or Hydrogen Pipeline
Paper PDF 1.8 MB
Paper DOC 1.3 MB